ГРАММАТИКА
Глагол to be
Глагол to be означает «быть», «являться», «находиться». В настоящем времени он имеет три формы: am, is, are.
В разговорной речи и дружеской переписке используйте сокращения.
Посмотрите, как глагол to be используется в предложениях.
I'm from Spain.
You're in room 6.
He's from Italy.
She's from Brazil.
It's Carlos Moreno.
We're from Australia.
They're from the UK.
Запомните, что you означает «ты», «вы» и «Вы» и всегда имеет форму множественного числа.
Уточняющие вопросы с глаголом to be
Уточняющие вопросы начинаются с вопросительных слов.
- Where are you from?
- Where's he from?
- Where's she from?
- What's your name?
- What are your names?
- Where are they from?
Обратите внимание, что можно использовать сокращение для where is и what is (where's и what's), но нельзя для where are и what are.
Прочитайте и запомните вопросительные слова.
Отрицания с глаголом to be
Чтобы построить отрицательное предложение, используйте частицу not.
I'm not a teacher.
You/We/They aren't from the USA. (aren't = are not)
He/She/It isn't famous. (isn't = is not)
Упражнение 1
Заполните пробелы правильными формами глагола to be: 'm, 're, are или 's.
Упражнение
Ответы
- Where _____ they from?
- They _____ from Egypt.
- What _____ their names?
- His name _____ Hanif and her name _____ Fatima.

- What _____ your names, please?
- Our names _____ Dieter Koller and Mehmet Kaya.
- Where _____ you from?
- I _____ from Germany and he _____ from Turkey.
- Where are they from?
- They're from Egypt.
- What are their names?
- His name's Hanif and her name's Fatima.

- What are your names, please?
- Our names are Dieter Koller and Mehmet Kaya.
- Where are you from?
- I'm from Germany and he's from Turkey.
Упражнение 2
Сделайте предложения отрицательными.
Упражнение
Ответы
  1. I'm an English student.
  2. I'm from the UK.
  3. My English class is in room 12.
  4. I'm an accountant.
  5. My teacher's from Australia.
  6. My language school is in London.
  7. My English lessons are on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
  8. The students in my class are all from my country.
  1. I'm not an English student.
  2. I'm not from the UK.
  3. My English class isn't in room 12.
  4. I'm not an accountant.
  5. My teacher's not from Australia.
  6. My language school isn't in London.
  7. My English lessons aren't on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
  8. The students in my class aren't all from my country.
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